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Bücher, Buchbeiträge, Journals und Papers (2999 Treffer)

Leading theories suggest that amongst continuing exporters, lower variable trade costs should boost exports of smaller firms by the same or greater percentage rate than larger firms. However, investigating the impact of the deep EU-South Korea FTA with French customs data, we find robust evidence to the contrary. Applying a triple-difference framework, we report that the FTA increased sales in the top quartile of continuous exporters by 71.5 percent points more than in the bottom quartile. More than 90 percent of that growth premium is driven by reductions in NTBs. These findings suggest an additional channel driving the distributional effects of FTAs.
in: Kurt Dopfer, Richard R. Nelson, Jason Potts, Andreas Pyka, Routledge Handbook of Evolutionary Economics
Buchbeiträge, Routledge, London, November 2023, 17 Seiten, https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429398971
This paper advances a dynamic rationale for competitiveness policy that focuses on an economy's ability to evolve in order to achieve high real incomes along with desired qualitative changes in the socio-economic system. It highlights that the ubiquitous "rationalities of failure", either of markets, governments, or systems, are rooted in a peculiar habit of accepting hypothetical perfect states as normative benchmarks. In contrast, competitiveness policy starts from the objectives that the system wants to achieve. By combining the structuralist ontology of the micro, meso and macro levels of development with the basic system functions of evolutionary change, a general typology is developed that differentiates, organizes, and integrates various economic policies according to their respective contributions to the evolvability of the system. Among other advantages, the proposed concept of competitiveness policy allows (i) to replace the negative "logic of failure" with the active pursuit of dynamic development goals, (ii) to break the ideologically afflicted dichotomy between "vertical" and "horizontal" policies and (iii) to better align the theoretical rationale with the actual perception of the societal purpose of public interventions by most policy agents.
Julia Bachtrögler-Unger, Mathias Dolls, Carla Krolage, Paul Schüle, Hannes Taubenböck, Matthias Weigand
Regional Science and Urban Economics, 2023, 2023, (103), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2023.103954
We present a novel approach to analyze the effects of EU cohesion policy on local economic activity. For all municipalities in the border area of the Czech Republic, Germany, and Poland, we collect project-level data on EU funding in the period between 2007 and 2013. Using night light emission data as a proxy for economic development, we show that receiving a higher amount of EU funding is associated with increased economic activity at the municipal level. Our paper demonstrates that remote sensing data can provide an effective way to model local economic development also in Europe, where comprehensive cross-border data are not available at such a spatially granular level.
Anhand der vergangenen Entwicklung wird gezeigt, dass sich im Lauf der Zeit die Schwerpunkte und Fragestellungen der Pensionspolitik verändert haben. Im Hinblick auf die anhaltende Diskussion zur Sicherung der Finanzierung der Alterssicherung wird eine Adaptierung der Finanzierungsstruktur der Alterssicherung im Sinne des Leistungsfähigkeitsprinzips an die Gegebenheiten des Produktions- und Wirtschaftssystems des 21. Jahrhunderts und der Vermögensökonomie zur Diskussion gestellt.
Timo Wollmershäuser, Stefan Ederer, Friederike Fourné, Max Lay, Robert Lehmann, Sebastian Link, Sascha Möhrle, Ann-Christin Rathje, Radek Šauer, Moritz Schasching, Lara Zarges, Gerome Wolf
Auftraggeber: ifo Institut – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München e.V.
Die Stimmung in der deutschen Wirtschaft hat sich in den vergangenen Monaten spürbar eingetrübt. Nahezu kein Wirtschaftsbereich blieb davon verschont. Anders als noch im Sommer erwartet, dürfte daher die Erholung in der zweiten Jahreshälfte ausbleiben und sich die konjunkturelle Abkühlung fortsetzen. Im laufenden Quartal dürfte die Wirtschaftsleistung um 0,2% im Vergleich zum Vorquartal sinken. Erst gegen Jahresende ist wieder mit einem leichten Anstieg um 0,3% zu rechnen, bevor dann im kommenden Jahr gesamtwirtschaftlich eine Erholung einsetzt. Insgesamt wird das preisbereinigte Bruttoinlandsprodukt in diesem Jahr um 0,4% im Vergleich zum Vorjahr zurückgehen. In den kommenden beiden Jahren wird die Wirtschaftsleistung dann um 1,4% und 1,2% zulegen. Die konjunkturelle Schwäche wird den Beschäftigungsaufbau weitgehend zum Erliegen bringen und die Arbeitslosigkeit zunächst weiter steigen lassen. Die Arbeitslosenquote wird in diesem und im kommenden Jahr mit durchschnittlich 5,6% um 0,3 Prozentpunkte höher liegen als noch im Jahr 2022. Erst im Jahr 2025 dürfte die Quote wieder auf 5,3% zurückgehen. Die Inflationsrate wird weiter zurückgehen von durchschnittlich 6,0% in diesem Jahr auf 2,6% im kommenden und 1,9% im übernächsten Jahr.
In view of the challenges posed by climate change and the increasingly ambitious climate targets around the world, the search for effective climate policy instruments is gaining momentum. Carbon pricing, for example, in the form of a carbon tax, and its effects are therefore attracting increasing attention in academic as well as policy discussions. We review the empirical effects of carbon taxes with regard to several impact dimensions commonly studied in the literature: environmental effectiveness, macroeconomic effects, impacts on competitiveness and innovation, distributional implications, and public acceptance. An increasing body of empirical studies shows that carbon taxes can effectively reduce carbon emissions or at least dampen their growth while not negatively affecting economic growth, employment, and competitiveness. The existing empirical evidence suggests that the distributional impact of carbon taxes depends on the type of energy use and the indicators to capture distributional effects, as well as on household characteristics. Lump-sum transfers are shown to be better suited to mitigate regressive effects for lower incomes, while higher incomes benefit more from a reduction of labour taxes. Public acceptance of carbon taxes can be increased by providing public information, avoiding negative distributional effects, and channelling part of the revenues into "environmental projects".
in: Alberto Comelli, Janet E. Milne, Mikael S. Andersen, Hope Ashiabor, Taxation and the Green Growth Challenge
Buchbeiträge, Edward Elgar Publishing, August 2023, S.114-130, https://doi.org/10.4337/9781035317844.00020
Daniela Kletzan-Slamanig, Angela Köppl, Franz Sinabell, Reinhard Schanda, Martino Heher, Alexander Rimböck, Stella Müller, Thomas Voit, Sabine Kirchmayr-Schliesselberger
in: Alberto Comelli, Janet E. Milne, Mikael Skou Anderson, Hope Ashiabor, Taxation and the Green Growth Challenge
Buchbeiträge, Edward Elgar Publishing, August 2023, S.99-112
Discussions about the reform of subsidies with negative climate impacts have been going on for decades in policy and research. Such subsidies counteract climate protection efforts, contradict the polluter-pays principle, and reinforce market distortions and the carbon lock-in. Based on a literature review, the paper summarises the results of a comprehensive bottom-up analysis of direct subsidies and fiscal measures (indirect subsidies) that are granted on the federal level in Austria. The analysis considers energy generation and use, transport, and agriculture and assesses the subsidies' legal foundations and original motivations, the subsidy volumes and identifies the beneficiary groups. The quantification of the subsidies results in a range of 4.1 to 5.7 billion € p.a. In addition, relevant regulatory provisions that have a subsidy character are examined. Considering the environmental effectiveness, economic criteria (like distributional impacts) and potential legal constraints reform suggestions are developed for the support measures.
The World Economy, 2023, 46, (9), S.2564-2597, https://doi.org/10.1111/twec.13463
This paper studies the direct and indirect trade volume and trade cost effects of uncertainty on international trade and economic welfare using a structural gravity framework for a panel of 97 developed and developing countries from 2000 to 2018. We find that the sign and magnitude of the effect depend on whether uncertainty originates from the importing or exporting country. Moreover, applying a cross-sectional gravity model, we show that an uncertainty shock directly reduces cross-border trade flows. The paper illustrates the suitability of the proposed modelling approach by means of two counterfactual scenario analyses in which we calculate the general equilibrium trade and welfare effects of uncertainty induced by the unexpected outcome of the Brexit referendum in 2016 and the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020.