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Jarko Fidrmuc, Sylvia Kaufmann, Andreas Resch
Structural Breaks in Austrian Foreign Trade with Eastern Europe During the Early 1970s
Empirica, 2008, 35(5), S.465-479, http://www.springer.com/10663
 
Between 1955 and 1987, Austrian trade with Eastern Europe was characterised by specific factors. On the one hand, trade flows were influenced by the central planning system in Eastern Europe. On the other hand, Austria applied non-standard policy tools to manage Eastern trade. Furthermore, Austrian trade with Eastern Europe was affected by the implementation of the free trade agreement with the European Communities and the change in the institutional framework for Eastern trade in the early 1970s. Austrian Eastern exports were fostered by increased export subsidies and barter trade. We assess the net effects of these contradictory measures of trade policy by estimating aggregate import and export equations and testing for a structural break in 1973. Our results are consistent with the view that Austria subsidised Eastern exports to pursue a countercyclical policy after 1973.
Keywords:Economic history, Structural break, Cointegration, Export subsidies, CMEA trade
Forschungsbereich:Industrieökonomie, Innovation und internationaler Wettbewerb
Sprache:Englisch

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