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Active Labour Market Policies: What Works for the Long-Term Unemployed?
B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy, 2023, 24, (1), https://doi.org/10.1515/bejeap-2023-0079
There is still a lack of knowledge on how to effectively help the long-term unemployed into employment. We evaluate a wide range of active labour market policies for this target group, using a dynamic matching approach. Measures vary considerably in the extent to which they improve labour market prospects. Human capital-intensive training programs that substantially enhance vocational skills and employment programs are most effective, short activating job search training the least. Our results suggest that not only wage subsidies in the private sector, but also direct job creation in the public and non-profit sectors can work, if properly designed.
JEL-Codes:J64, J68
Keywords:long-term unemployment, active labour market policy, public employment service, training, wage subsidies, direct job creation
Forschungsbereich:Arbeitsmarktökonomie, Einkommen und soziale Sicherheit