This paper investigates the relationship between the use of service inputs and integration in global value chains. Using macro
and detailed firm-level data (for 1990-2017), the study documents the extent of India's integration into global value chains.
Older, larger, and more productive firms and firms with a higher leverage ratio are more likely to be deeply integrated into
global value chains. Firms in the information technology services and electronics industry are more deeply integrated into
global value chains, compared with textiles. Services are the engine for many global value chain industries as they help coordinate
the different stages of production across geographical locations. The findings suggest that both the intensity of service
usage as well as the composition or type of service used are important. Firms using service inputs, particularly complex services
and information technology and information technology-enabling services intensively are typically more deeply integrated into
global value chains.
Ruchita Manghnani, Birgit Meyer, Juan Sebastian Saez, Erik van Der Marel
This paper explores the relationship between the use of service inputs, participation in global value chains, and firm productivity.
Services play the role of both an intermediate input in production and a coordinator. Using a detailed Indian firm-level data
set from 1990-2017, the paper estimates the productivity premium associated with varying depths of global value chain integration
and different intensities and types of services used in the production. The study finds that firms in global value chains
have a productivity premium between 13 and 22 percent relative to domestic firms, with some variation based on the depth of
global value chain integration and the sector to which the firm belongs. Both the type of service inputs used (composition
of services) and the origin of services (whether sourced domestically or from abroad) matter for firm performance. While higher
aggregate service input use (as captured by the share of expenditure on service inputs) is not necessarily associated with
an increase in productivity, increased use of complex services and information technology services is associated with higher
productivity. The use of imported services is associated with higher productivity. Moreover, firms that are more deeply integrated
in global value chains benefit more from importing services.
Julian Donaubauer, Alexander Glas, Birgit Meyer, Peter Nunnenkamp